“My Journal of the Council” – Review

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My Journal of the Council

by Yves Congar

Liturgical Press, 1,100 pages, hardcover
 
 
Yves Congar is widely hailed as a top Catholic thinker, but it wasn’t always so. In the 1950′s, along with Henri de Lubac and Karl Rahner, Congar was censured for what were perceived to be ‘progressive’ ideas. The Church’s fog of suspicion hung over his work for almost a decade, and he was shunned by many fellow theologians.

However in 1960, Congar was redeemed. Pope John XXIII personally invited him to attend the Second Vatican Council as a consultor, which Congar humbly accepted. He brought his prodigious expertise to the gathering in areas like Tradition, the laity, ecumenism, and ecclesiology. His impact was evident throughout all the conciliar documents, including Lumen Gentium (especially sections 9, 13, 16, and 17) and the Declaration on Non-Christian Religions (says Congar, “I worked on this; the introduction and conclusion are very nearly mine.”)

John O’Malley, author of What Happened at Vatican II (Belknap, 2008), considers Congar “the council’s single most important theologian”. Joseph Komonchak, editor of the English version of The History of Vatican II (Orbis, 1996), calls him its “most influential.”

So what a gift it is that such a pivotal figure recorded his personal thoughts, each day throughout the council, and left them for us.

My Journal of the Council (Liturgical Press, 1,100 pages, hardcover) may seem intimidating at first glance. It spans half a decade and is written by a top-notch academic. But once you begin reading, you quickly discover how simple and direct Congar’s language is. In part, that’s because he wrote his entries at the end of long, stressful days. That gives us Congar’s immediate reactions to the council without pretense or flair. It also makes for a much easier read, stripped of theological jargon that would cause non-theologians to stumble.

Many themes emerge throughout the book, but one of the most evident is Congar’s frustration with the council.The deliberations alternated between moving too slow for his tastes, or in the wrong direction. Bishops lectured on obscure, pet topics for hours on end and Congar was not shy about his annoyance. For instance, he described three different men as “an idiot”, “an imbecile”, and someone “who understands nothing.” During one debate over the role of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Congar poked fun at a zealous priest:

“Fr. Balic, alas, had the floor. He made a voluble sales-pitch. I leaned toward my neighbor, Mgr. Philips, and asked him: is he selling braces or socks? Fr. Balic is pure passion.”

Another constant thread is Congar’s remarkable humility. Near the end of the journal, he reflects on his overall impact, saying, “I feel crushed by the consciousness of the mediocrity of my life and work.” He refused praise and consistently redirected it toward God. An entry from November 13, 1965 is typical:

“A brief interchange with Mgr. Hofer: ‘You are winning all along the line’ he told me. That has often been said to me, but, as far as I am concerned, it is not that in any degree or manner. I know myself to be so unequal to the task of which I have been called, by pure grace. But however badly I have fulfilled it, I am profoundly happy to have been able, among others, to serve two things that are so dear to me: the Missions and priests. In this (and other ways) I feel myself very much in communion with little Therese and with Tere [Congar’s mother].”

As can be expected, My Journal of the Council also touches upon many of the council’s great controversies. Collegiality was one dearest to Congar’s heart. At the time of Vatican II, Congar was wary of the Church’s increasing centralization, both theologically and practically. The First Vatican Council formally defined papal infallibility, much to the frustration of another long-suffering theologian, Cardinal John Henry Newman. Like Newman, Congar felt this emphasis threatened the collegial authority shared by all the world’s bishops.

In Congar’s mind, the council never fully addressed this concern, even to the end. In fact he chose not to attend the council’s closing events, choosing to watch them on television because of the pomp and pageantry which reinforced this error:

This morning I did not go to the final ceremony in St. Peter’s Square….From the ecclesiological and ecumenical point of view, the Pope got all the attention. He sat enthroned as a sovereign; everything had reference to him. He did not appear to be so much in the Church as above it.”

Overall, My Journal of the Council delivers a rare glimpse into the towering figures, frustrating disputes, historic pronouncements, and daily grind of the twentieth-century’s most important religious event. And by journeying alongside one of its most central figures, you’ll experience all the difficulties, thrills, and adventures yourself.
 
 
This was written as part of the Patheos Book Club, where Congar’s journal is featured this month. Stop by for an excerpt and other reviews.
 

Congar (right) with friend Joseph Ratzinger, the future Pope Benedict XVI.

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  • Mike Buckler

    So, I bought My Journal of the Council by Yves Congar as a result of this article, and began reading it back in January. I finally finished it mid-July, all 900 pages. Granted, I stopped and read a few other books in between, but it was a beast to be conquered, albeit an engaging and enjoyable one. However, after such a long-haul, I felt the need to share my thoughts. Thanks for obliging, Brandon.

    There are multiple pieces that are remarkable and interesting. Here are just a few.

    Congar fully appreciated the historic nature of what he was doing and what he was a part of. Each of the historic moments of the Council are fascinating to read from his personal perspective. One feels the momentous occasions as truly momentous.

    He worked daily with the stars of 20th Century Catholic theology, including people like Rahner, Chenu, de Lubac, Danielou, Moeller, Ratzinger and many others. His descriptions of and interactions with people like John XXIII, Paul VI, Karol Wojtyla, Rahner, Ratzinger, and others give great insight into the personalities of these large figures. I feel that I gained a real sense of the person of Paul VI who, according to Congar, grew spiritually and theologically with the Council, and whom Congar slowly grew to appreciate.

    Congar had many notable personal visitors, including Karol Wojtyla and Fulton Sheen, both of whom had read all his books and wanted his view on a particular topic. A visit from Bl. Pier Giorgio Frassatti’s sister was a great surprise. Congar’s ecumenical interactions throughout were insightful, including with the great Protestant theologian Karl Barth, Oscar Cullmann, some of the brothers from Taize, and others.

    I personally learned a lot about the nature of Mariology and ecumenism. The development of Mariology, and more importantly the paths that the Council did not allow Mariology to take, helped give me a more complete picture of Mary. Ecumenism as experienced and understood by the Council has dramatic implications for Church life today. I am personally inspired by Congar to work towards a more practical ecumenism in my own life and ministry. Both of these fields arose from a genuine return to the Scriptures, allowing the Biblical and early Church notions of unity and mission to color ecumenism and help us to properly understand Mary as the Mother of God.

    But here’s why I really loved the book. Despite labels from
    both sides, Congar is thoroughly centrist. While many of his ideas challenged the conservative bureaucracy of the Curia, he also took issue with those who went outside of tradition. One of the highlights of the Council, often demonstrated by Congar in the journal, is that the Church is “catholic” and all “sides” have the good of the Church in mind. He understands, values and lives within the tension between unity and diversity in the Church.

    Regardless, one thing he is concerned with throughout, and indeed very frustrated with, is something he named “integrism.” What a great name! To define integrism, I think of a line from the recent interview with Pope Francis when he said: “The church sometimes has locked itself up in small things, in small-minded rules. The most important thing is the first proclamation: Jesus Christ has saved you, (http://www.americamagazine.org/pope-interview).” An integrist is one who is locked up in small things and lost the importance of the first proclamation. And Vatican II was a movement of the Holy Spirit to refocus the entire Church on “first things.” Congar was a tremendous force in the struggle against integrism. His behind the scenes actions helped shape Vatican II and, subsequently, the Church we know today.

    Interestingly, toward the end of the Council, Congar prophesied
    that if they did not reform the Curia and rid it of the integrist mentality, it
    would be another fifty years before another opportunity for reform. And here we are, fifty years later. Let’s all pray for Pope Francis and the continued implementation of the Council.

    • http://www.brandonvogt.com/ Brandon Vogt

      EXCELLENT comment, Mike! So glad you enjoyed the book and I really appreciate your review.

  • http://easternchristianbooks.blogspot.com/ Adam DeVille

    One minor correction: the history of Vatican II you reference was not written by “William [sic] O’Malley” but by JOHN O’Malley, the Jesuit historian at Georgetown.

    I have further thoughts on Congar’s diaries here: http://easternchristianbooks.blogspot.com/2012/05/deliciously-dishy-diaries-of-yves.html

    • http://www.brandonvogt.com/ Brandon Vogt

      Doh! Thanks for the catch. I’m actually halfway through O’Malley’s book right now so I have no excuse.

  • "There is only one tragedy in the end, not to have been a saint." - Léon Bloy