Today we continue our regular series called "Learning from the Saints." Our guide is saint-expert Bert Ghezzi, a dear friend of mine and the author of numerous books including Voices of the Saints, Saints at Heart, and Adventures In Daily Prayer.
His newest book is Discover Christ: Developing a Personal Relationship with Jesus. You can learn more about Bert and his work at BertGhezzi.com.
Today, Bert explores the life of St. Anthony Mary Claret, the 19th-century patron of the Catholic press, textile merchants, weavers, and savings.
Frustrated as a young priest in his effort to join a missionary order, in the 1840s Anthony plunged himself into the evangelization of Catalonia, his home province in Spain. He wove ancient Christian wisdom into fresh, contemporary strategy and tactics for evangelization that he articulated in his Autobiography.
In the following excerpt, for example, he explains why evangelizers must temper zeal with meekness:
“Jesus told his disciples, ‘Learn from me, for I am meek and humble of heart, and you will find rest for yourselves’ (Mt 11:28). Humility is like the root of the tree, and meekness is its fruit. We please God by humility and our neighbor by meekness.
“No virtue is so attractive as meekness. If you throw little pieces of bread into a pond, the fish will come fearlessly up to your feet. But if you throw rocks, they will swim away and hide. Jesus Christ was meekness itself, and because of this virtue he is called the Lamb. The prophets foretold that he would be persecuted and yet remain silent. But by his suffering and silence he redeemed us and taught us how we must act to save the souls he has entrusted to us.
“Bad temper and anger—the lack of meekness—often masquerade as zeal. I have studied the distinction between them, so as not to make a crucial mistake. The function of zeal is to abhor, flee, renounce, combat and overthrow everything that is contrary to God.
“But zeal is an ardent and violent love that needs to be wisely controlled. Otherwise it might go beyond the limits of modesty and discretion. Moved by anger it fails to keep within the bounds of reason and pushes the heart to disorder.
“My God, give me a zeal that is discreet and prudent so that I may do everything strongly yet sweetly, meekly yet thoroughly.”
Apostolic zeal impelled St. Anthony himself. Lifelong he preached 10,000 sermons and published 200 books and pamphlets. In 1847, he founded the very successful Religious Library, a publishing venture that distributed 5 million books and 4 million leaflets in two decades. At the same time, Anthony organized his priest collaborators as the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, now called Claretians.
Appointed archbishop of Santiago, Cuba, in 1850, St. Anthony set about reforming a diocese that had been untended for fourteen years. His intensive efforts to revitalize the church on the island met considerable resistance. Once he was even seriously wounded by a man whose mistress he had converted.
In 1857 he resigned his post and returned to Spain, where he served the rest of his life as chaplain to Queen Isabella II. His position at court repressed his impulse to evangelize, but he channeled his energy into founding a scientific laboratory, music and language schools, and a museum. He also worked with the Claretians, reorienting his community to continue his work in the contemporary world.
Revolution in Spain in 1868 drove the saint into exile with the queen. He died in Rome in 1870.
"O my God, I give you my word that I shall preach, write and circulate good books and pamphlets in abundance, so as to drown evil in a flood of good."
— St. Anthony Mary Claret
(Image Credit: Taylor Marshall)